CFP last date
15 July 2024
Reseach Article

The Revelation of Cyber-Physical Internet (CPI)

by Khalid A. Fakeeh
International Journal of Applied Information Systems
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 10 - Number 3
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: Khalid A. Fakeeh

Khalid A. Fakeeh . The Revelation of Cyber-Physical Internet (CPI). International Journal of Applied Information Systems. 10, 3 ( December 2015), 10-15. DOI=10.5120/ijais2015451474

@article{ 10.5120/ijais2015451474,
author = { Khalid A. Fakeeh },
title = { The Revelation of Cyber-Physical Internet (CPI) },
journal = { International Journal of Applied Information Systems },
issue_date = { December 2015 },
volume = { 10 },
number = { 3 },
month = { December },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 2249-0868 },
pages = { 10-15 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/ijais2015451474 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2023-07-05T19:02:17.340414+05:30
%A Khalid A. Fakeeh
%T The Revelation of Cyber-Physical Internet (CPI)
%J International Journal of Applied Information Systems
%@ 2249-0868
%V 10
%N 3
%P 10-15
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

When the Internet was conceived, the rationale was to interconnect Personal Computers to share advanced information or digital data everywhere. On the other hand, when implanted or embedded frameworks/networks were conceived, the motivation was to control system segments under real-time constrictions through detecting gadgets, ordinarily at little or small to medium scales. With the colossal development of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the propensity is to empower omnipresent persistent computing to control everything at whatever time and at a huge scale. This vision gave as of late ascent to the worldview of Cyber physical Systems (CPS). This article gives an idea of the Cyber-Physical Internet examine its outline prerequisites and present the constraints of the present systems/networks administration reflections to satisfy these necessities with a glimpse over real-time defies that must be considered in the outline Cyber-Physical Internet (CPI).

  1. “P. Jayachandran et al”, “A delay composition theorem for real-time pipelines,” in ECRTS ’07: Proceedings of the 19th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems. Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society, 2007, pp. 29–38.
  2. “J.-Y. Le Boudec et al”, Network Calculus: A Theory of Deterministic Queuing Systems for the Internet (Lecture Notes in Computer Science), 1st ed. Springer, August 2001.
  3. “C. Frank et al”, “The sensor internet at work: Locating everyday items using mobile phones,” Pervasive and Mobile Computing, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 421–447, Jun. 2008.
  4. “G. Mulligan”, “The 6LoWPAN architecture,” in EmNets ’07: Proceedings of the 4th workshop on Embedded networked sensors. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2007, pp. 78–82.
  5. “A. Kopke et al”, “IEEE 802.15.4 symbol rate timer for telosb,” TKN Technical Report Series TKN-08-006, Telecommunication Networks Group, Technische Universitat Berlin, Tech. Rep., May 2008.
  6. “A. Dunkels”, “Full TCP/IP for 8-bit architectures,” in MobiSys ’03: Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Mobile systems, applications and services. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2003, pp. 85–98.
  7. “K. Mayer et al”, “IP-enabled wireless sensor networks and their integration into the internet,” in InterSense ’06: Proceedings of the first international conference on Integrated internet ad hoc and sensor networks. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2006, p. 5.
  8. “J. W. Hui et al”, “IP is dead, long live IP for wireless sensor networks,” in SenSys ’08: Proceedings of the 6th ACM conference on Embedded network sensor systems. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2008, pp. 15–28.
  9. “L. F. Akyildiz et al”, “A survey on sensor networks,” Communications Magazine, IEEE, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 102–114, 2002.
  10. “A. Cunha et al”, “Zigbee over tinyos: Implementation and experimental challenges,” in 8th Portuguese Conference on Automatic Control (CONTROLO2008), Invited Session on ”Real-Time Communications: from theory to applications, 2008.
  11. “E. A. Lee”, “Cyber physical systems: Design challenges,” in International Symposium on Object/Component/Service-Oriented Real-Time Distributed Computing (ISORC), May 2008, invited Paper.
  12. “A. Cunha et al”, “open-ZB: an opensource implementation of the IEEE 802.15.4/zigbee protocol stack on TinyOS,” in The Fourth IEEE International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems (MASS07), October 2007.
  13. “J.-H. Hauer”, “TKN15.4: An IEEE 802.15.4 MAC implementation for TinyOS 2,” TKN Technical Report Series TKN-08-003, Telecommunication Networks Group, Technical University Berlin, Tech. Rep., March, 2009.
  14. “P. Pagano et al,” “ERIKA and OpenZB: an implementation for real-time wireless networking,” in 24th ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC 2009), Poster Session, March 2009.
  15. “T. Abdelzaher”, “CPS position paper: Towards an architecture for distributed cyber-physical systems,” in NFS workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems.
  16. “B. Andersson et al”, “A scalable and efficient approach to obtain measurements in CAN-based control systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 4, 2008.
  17. “L. Lenzini et al”, “End-to-end delay bounds in FIFO-multiplexing tandems,” in ValueTools ’07: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Performance evaluation methodologies and tools. ICST, Brussels, Belgium, Belgium: ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering), 2007, pp. 1–10.
  18. “K. Aberer et al”, “Infrastructure for data processing in large-scale interconnected sensor networks,” in The 8th International Conference on Mobile Data Management (MDM’07), 2007.
  19. “Delay composition algebra: A reduction-based schedulability algebra for distributed real-time systems,” in RTSS ’08: Proceedings of the 2008 Real-Time Systems Symposium. Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society, 2008, pp. 259–269.
  21. “Cyber-physical systems executive summary,” Tech. Rep., March 2008.
  22. “Cyber-physical systems - are computing foundations adequate?” in Position Paper for NSF Workshop On Cyber-Physical Systems: Research Motivation, Techniques and Roadmap, October 2006.
  23. The e.r.i.k.a. enterprise realtime operating system,
  24. “The IEEE 802.15.4 standard specification,” Tech. Rep., 2006.
  25. “ZigBee-Alliance”, “The ZigBee standard specification,” Tech. Rep., December, 2006.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


IoT CPS Ubiquitous Computing