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Indicators of E-Government between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain: A Comparative Study

Walid Qassim Qwaider in Information Systems

International Journal of Applied Information Systems
Year of Publication:2021
Publisher: Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Authors:Walid Qassim Qwaider
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  1. Walid Qassim Qwaider. Indicators of E-Government between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Applied Information Systems 12(36):1-6, January 2021. URL, DOI BibTeX

    	author = "Walid Qassim Qwaider",
    	title = "Indicators of E-Government between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain: A Comparative Study",
    	journal = "International Journal of Applied Information Systems",
    	issue_date = "January 2021",
    	volume = 12,
    	number = 36,
    	month = "January",
    	year = 2021,
    	issn = "2249-0868",
    	pages = "1-6",
    	url = "",
    	doi = "10.5120/ijais2020451897",
    	publisher = "Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA",
    	address = "New York, USA"


This study aims to develop e-government Indicators of E-Government between KSA and Bahrain: A Comparative Study by measuring the indicators of e-government in KSA and comparing it with Bahrain by relying on the survey conducted by the United Nations between the years 2004 and 2016. One of the most important results of this study is that the human capital index in KSA is ahead of Bahrain in 2010 and 2016 was 0.835 and 0.7995, respectively, through the emergence of this indicator positively and this is due to direct the KSA to interest in this indicator and the results of investments in human capital That oversees the state. For the rest of the years (2004, 2005, 2008, 2012, and 2014), Bahrain advanced the Human Capital Index by 0.86, 0.85, 0.861, 0.803, and 0.784, respectively. This analysis shows the KSA must further develop and improve this indicator.


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E-Services, EGDI, KSA, Bahrain, Challenges